Richard Buckminster Fuller, Montreal Biosphere
The America Pavilion for the 1967 Expo in Montreal was as high as a 20-storey building, and soon became the focal point on the Île Sainte-Hélène site.
American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, and inventor Richard Buckminster Fuller was born on July 12, 1895, in Milton, Massachusetts. Fuller studied at Milton Academy in Massachusetts, and later at Harvard College. He served in the U.S. Navy in World War I, as a shipboard radio operator and as a crash rescue boat commander. At age 32, Fuller lost his job and due to that he drank heavily. In 1927, Fuller contemplated suicide, so that his family could benefit from a life insurance payment. In 1929 Fuller met Isamu Noguchi (1904-1988)
and they were soon collaborating on several projects, it was the beginning of their lifelong friendship. During the summers of 1948 and 1949 he taught at Black Mountain College in North Carolina, there he began reinventing a project that would make him famous: the geodesic dome. He received numerous other awards, among them the Presidential Medal of Freedom presented to him in 1983, by President Ronald Reagan. Fuller died in 1983, just before his 88th birthday.