Oscar Niemeyer, Itamaraty Palace
The headquarters of the Superior Electoral Court, inaugurated on December 15, 2011, is located in the Setor de Administração Federal Sul of Brasilia.
Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer, original name Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida de Niemeyer Soares, was born in the city of Rio de Janeiro in 1907. His great grandfather was a Portuguese immigrant. Niemeyer left school in 1928 and graduated with a BA in architecture in 1934 at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes in in Rio de Janeiro. After his study he worked in the architecture studio of Lucio Costa(1902-1998), Gregori Warchavchik(1896-1972) and Carlos Leão(1906-1983). Niemeyer, together with Lucio Costa, designed the Brazilian pavilion for the New York World's Fair in 1932. In 1940, Mayor Juscelino Kubitschek, commissioned Niemeyer to design a series of buildings on the the Pampulha architectural complex, the reinforced concrete Saint Francis of Assisi church is the masterpiece of this complex, with this project Niemeyer achieved international recognition. In 1953 Niemeyer's architecture was criticised by the Swiss architect Max Bill(1908-1994) stating that his use of free-form as purely decorative. In 1956 Juscelino Kubitschek, by then president of Brazil, asked Niemeyer to build the capital of Brazil: Brasilia. In 1966 Niemeyer moved to Paris where he created the headquarters of the French Communist Party. Niemeyer died on December 5, 2012, ten days before his 105th birthday.