Niki de Saint Phalle (French, 1930-2002)
Niki de de Saint Phalle, Nanas sculptures
The appearance of three brightly-coloured, amply-proportioned polyester Nanas beside the River Leine in 1974 raised a storm of protest from some Hanoverians and sparked off the city's first partisan and far-reaching debate about art in public urban spaces.
French-American sculptor, painter, and filmmaker Catherine-Marie-Agnès Fal de Saint Phalle was born in 1930 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, near Paris. In 1956 she met Jean Tinguely and he created an iron armature for her which she covered with plaster and paint, her first sculpture.
In 1959 she came across artworks by Yves Klein, Marcel Duchamp, Jackson Pollock, Robert Rauschenberg, and Jasper Johns. Marcel Duchamp introduced Saint Phalle and Tinguely to Salvador Dali in 1961. Saint Phalle used bright-colored composite fiberglass-reinforced polyester plastic to create her sculptures. Saint Phalle endured intensive care hospitalization for 6 months before dying of respiratory failure in May 2002.